Haifa maps Cartes de Haifa
Probablement de Antonio Borg, probably by Antonio Borg
Piani diversi di tutte le isole... manuscript, plate 100 Date: 1760-s
Recueil des principaux plans, des ports et rades de la Mer Mediterranie...
Plate 119 , Date: 1764 , Place: Marseille
Ligne de la Carmelite (metro)
Croisey, 1763, carte pour servir a l'histoire des Druses
Description et Carte de la Terre
Joseph Gaitte, 1753
Plus moderne: Les fonds marins au large de Haifa, et Haifa vu de satellite
More modern: Sea bed imaging along Haifa and Haifa bay, satellite image
Sonar map reveals secret life of seabed Haaretz May31th 2007
By Zafrir Rinat
Israeli scientists have been studying the seabed along Israel's coast for many years. But they've been
groping in the dark, not entirely understanding its precise structure. Now, however, thanks to sonar
technology, that is changing. High-quality sonar scanning is being used to produce maps more detailed
than ever before. Practical applications include planning of ports and artificial islands, as well as
monitoring greenhouse gasses and delineating marine nature reserves.
The new mapping project has been moved ahead in recent years by researchers from Tel Aviv University,
the Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research Institute (IOLR), and the Survey of Israel. The
project focuses on the continental shelf - the area of the seabed up to a few hundred meters from the
shoreline. One of its main results is detailed imaging of the northern seabed, from Haifa to Rosh Hanikra.
Arik Golan of the IOLR explains that the sonar system on the institute's research vessel was brought to
Israel from the U.S. by Israeli geologist John Hall, and had been developed originally for the U.S. Navy.
The mapping, which was led by Roni Sadeh of Tel Aviv University, was implemented by measuring 850
million reverberations from the seabed at depths ranging from eight to 900 meters, during voyages totaling
Surveys of the Tel Aviv beach area were also conducted, some of which examined the feasibility of
building artificial islands, and some for Golan's research into the effect of the seabed's emission of
methane, a gas that contributes to global warming.
Imaging of the Haifa Bay revealed the country's geological past. For the first time, the underwater
calcareous sandstone (kurkar) ridges can be seen. Sitting parallel to the beach, these ridges show the
location of coastlines dating back 10,000 years, when the level of the sea was lower. Calcareous sandstone
hills are now to be found up to a depth of 40 meters below sea level. These ridges bear the remains of
fishing villages from eras before the Neolithic period.
"Cisterns have been found at a depth of six to seven meters. They may have been wine vats," Golan says,
adding that he has also found underwater water cisterns off the Tel Aviv coast using the same methods.
Near Haifa, the continuation of the Carmel range can be seen on the sea floor. A huge canyon was found
off of Rosh Hanikra, created from past flows into the sea of the Kziv Stream. Sediment floating northward
from the Nile Delta over thousands of years covered part of the seabed, but did not manage to cover the
canyon. Between Haifa and Acre, the primordial stream beds of the Kishon and the Na'aman can also be
Geological rifts were also found in a few places. Golan says there is a debate among scholars about the
exact location to which the Carmel extended into the sea, and how active some of the documented rifts are.
"Without the information we are collecting now, projects like artificial islands could not be planned, nor
could the environmental impact be understood of port construction, such as the blockage of sand flow and
the future impact of changes in the level of the sea because of global warming," Golan says.
The imaging project will also allow biological data to be gathered, especially on the underwater ridges,
where a varied population of marine animal and plant life thrives. According to the director of the Science
Division of the Israel Nature and National Parks Protection Authority, Dr. Yehoshua Shkedi, the project is
like topographical mapping on land, allowing us to understand habitats and decide where marine nature
reserves should be established.
Les Dinosaures dans la ville (2008) et a Madatech
The dinosaures have left.
Les dinosaures sont partis
Lignes de la Metronite
Metronit light train BRT system
Heindrich Bunting 1594
The world divided by Noah's sons
Le monde divise entre les trois fils de Noe
Ministere de la Construction,
Ministry of construction, survey of Israel
Cartes topographieques de Haifa, Acre,
Tiberiade, de Galilee,cartes marines etc...
Topographic maps of Haifa, Acco, Tiberias,
Galilee, marine maps, etc..
Haifa tourism office, 1970
Office du tourisme de Haifa 1970
Pyramida, galerie d'art dans les escaliers
Pyramida, art gallery in the stairs
Globe, William Blaeu XVIIeme siecle,
Musee Maritime National, Haifa
1 Kikar Paris Paris square
2 Solel Boneh
6 Merkaz Carmel Gan HaEm
Longwave radiation (NASA picture)
radiation (grandes longueurs d'ondes)
Alexandrie, Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Tel-Aviv, Natanya, Hadera, Haifa, Beyrouth
Lihi Chen Haifa-Plovdid, villes jumelles
Gisements de gaz naturel au large de Haifa
Natural gas offshore Haifa
Saint Jean d'Acre
Portes ouvertes, les Artistes de Bat Galim
Bat Galim artists open their doors
2 Jack VeHaAfuna
Pubs au Campus HaNamal
Haifolk music festival venues
Carte de Lorens Fries, Strasbourg, 1535
Projection of globe
Access to Haifa University and to the Hecht Museum
Acces a l'Unicersite de Haifa et au Musee Hecht
Migration of birds
Stade Sammy Ofer
Sammy Ofer stadium
Jacob's ladder folk song festival
Shvil Israel Israel path, stamp
Shvil Israel Le chemin d'Israel, timbre
Reserve naturelle du Hula
Hura natural reserve